400,000 year old DNA has been recovered from a human fossil. The fossil is meant to be that of a proto-Neanderthal; but the DNA suggests its actually more closely related to a different branch of humanity!
Attaching stone points to spears was a key moment in human evolution. A recent discovery suggests tips were first used on stone thrown spears 280,000 years ago; but there is even older evidence of stone tipped spears.
Neanderthals were our close cousins before they went extinct. The last common ancestor of our species was thought to be Homo heidelbergensis, but a new study casts doubt on this.